Labour market

Employment, unemployment and shortage of skilled workers. Here you can find the most important figures and charts for Basel-Stadt's labour market.

Employment and unemployment

  2010 2018 2019 2020 Δ 17-18 Δ 18-19
(in thousand)
181.3 191.5 195.4 * - -0.1 % 2.0 %
Unemployment rate 4.2 % 3.3 % 3.0 % 3.8 % ... ...
(in thousand)
30.8 34.8 34.2 34.4  -2.2 % -1.9 %
commuters ratio DE
46.2 % 48.0 % 47.2 % 46.8 % ... ...
commuters ratio FR
53.4 % 51.0 % 51.7 % 52.1 % ... ...

Source: BAK Economics, Statistical Office of Basel-Stadt.
* = Estimate

Sectoral structure : Employed persons

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The following analysis shows figures and graphs on sectoral and industry-specific employment trends in the canton of Basel-Stadt from 1970 and 1998 respectively:

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Skilled labour shortage

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Explanation: The Basel region includes the cantons of Basel-Stadt, Basel-Landschaft and Solothurn. Occupations are defined according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08) of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and are considered at the minor group level (ISCO-08 three digits, hereinafter referred to as “occupations”). Occupational titles are abbreviations. Because of the layout and for better readability, the chart does not mention female occupational titles. Gender neutral and male titles are used. The female form is included explicitly.

The indicator of the lack of skilled labour quantifies the severity of the lack of skilled labour for various occupations, thus enabling an assessment of the occupations in which the lack of skilled labour is particularly intense. The indicator is based on four variables: “recruitment difficulties”, “relationship between job vacancy and job seekers”, “duration of job posting” and “duration of job search”. The chart above shows the severity of the lack of skilled labour in 2019 for the 15 occupations with the highest and lowest lack of skilled labour in the Basel region. A relatively severe lack of skilled labour can be recognised in occupations that belong to the so-called MINT area (mathematics, computer science, natural science and technology) or to the healthcare professions. This fact has not changed since 2016. Compared to other occupations, the lack of medical doctors was the highest. This does not mean, however, that the absolute number of lacking medical doctors was the highest; statements on the absolute extent of the lack cannot be made with the indicator.

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